A List of Sunday Battles (1861-65)

​06/03/61    – USA victory at Battle of Philippi, Va.
06/10/61    – CSA victory at Battle of Big Bethel, Va.
06/24/61    – USA gunboats shell CSA positions at Mathias Pt., Va.
10/21/61   – Battle of Ball’s Bluff (Leestown), Va., a resounding defeat forUSA forces
04/08/62    – USA captures Island No. 10, Missouri
07/15/62    – CSA ironclad Arkansas damages USA vessels near Vicksburg, Miss.
08/26/62    – Second Bull Run (Manassas), Va., Campaign begins
07/01/63    – Battle of Gettysburg begins
07/22/63    – Battle of Manassas Gap, Va., CSA victory
08/12/63    – USA begins new offensive against forts in Charleston Harbor
10/14/63   – Battle of Bristoe Station, Va., ends inconclusively
11/25/63   – Three-day Battle of Chattanooga, Tenn., ends in USA   victory
05/27/64    – Battle of New Hope Church, Va., won by CSA
06/03/64    – CSA victory at Battle of Cold Harbor, Va.
06/10/64    – Battle of Brice’s Crossroads, Miss., won by CSA
06/17/64    – Gen. Grant begins Seige of Petersburg, Va.
07/22/64    – Battle of Atlanta, Ga., won by USA forces
08/05/64    – USA wins naval battle of Mobile Bay, Alabama
09/23/64    – Battle of Fisher’s Hill, Va., ends in USA victory
02/16/64   – Battle of Nashville, Tenn., won by USA forces
01/15/65    – USA forces take over Ft. Fisher, NC, capturing last CSA port
03/25/65    – CSA attack on Ft. Stedman, Petersburg, VA, fails.
USA begins Seige of Mobile, Alabama
04/01/65    – Battle of Five Forks, Va., ends in USA victory​

"Sabbath June 9th cont.

At 4 PM I attended Divine service at the Catholic Church. This building is well constructed & it being decorated with fine drawings and images of Christ & the Virgin Mary, giving it a grand appearance.
The Members, on coming in, knelt to the Virgin. The choir chanted the Vesper Hymn while the old priest responded, standing amid 24 lighted candles, with 2 boys on each side to put on and off his long robe. The choir discoursed the best music I ever heard in the state of Iowa... "

Northwood: Life North and South, Sarah J. Hale

Pardon the Dust During Remodeling

When was the U.S. Civil War and who fought?
150 years ago, 1861-65,  our country fought a bloody fratricidal conflict. It's known by many names: "War Between the States", "The Second American  Revolution","The Yankee Invasion", and of course "The American or U.S. Civil War". 

Eleven states seceeded from the U.S. to form the country, Confederate States of America. The war was between the CSA, the "South", and the remaining states, the "North", of the U.S. The CSA's uniform was usually gray, while the North's blue.

What were the causes of the Civil War?

Was it States Rights, slavery, trade & commerce, Abolition, the election of Abraham Lincoln? Or, all of them.

The answers and issues will be found in the many history books available. Check out my reading list below for ideas.

  • Battle-Pieces and Aspects of the War, Civil War Poems.Herman Melville.
  • Jefferson Davis's Generals. Gabor S. Boritt, ed.
  • Confederates in the Attic. Tony Horwitz.
  • Personal Memoirs of U.S. Grant. E.B. Long, ed.
  • Sword Over Richmond. Richard Wheeler.
  • The Civil War, Witness to War. Harold Holzer.
  • Tennessee's Civil War Battlefields. Randy Bishop.
  • The Civil War Battlefield Guide. Frances H. Kennedy, ed.
  • The Timechart History of the Civil War. James Arnold & Roberta Wiener, eds.
  • The Politically Incorrect Guide to the Civil War. H.W. Crocker III.
  • The Civil War. Shelby Foote.
  • Baptism at Bull Run [a novel]. James Reger
  • Washington: A Life, Ron Chernow
  • This Republic is Suffering: Death and the American Civil War, Drew Gilpin Faust
  • History of the Civil War, 1861-1865, James Ford Rhodes
  • The State of Jones, Sally Jenkins & John Stauffer 
  • Bald Knobbers: Vigilantes on the Ozarks Frontier, Mary Hart & Elmo Ingenthron
  • Great Maps of the Civil War, William J. Miller
A List of CW Narratives
“A Missouri Narrative, 


Third Iowa

Uncle Sam's Mule

EMAIL CHRIS at chris@greensblueandgray.com or leave a comment in the Guestbook.

I hope you enjoy this site, and have as much fun using it as I have in presenting it. If you like it, feel free to encourage me with your comments and remarks; problems and complaints are also welcomed.

If you find a good CW link to add to this list, please email it to me.

Thanks for visiting

Thanks for visiting the site.
Madison County War Record* Third Infantry

The "U.S. Civil War... & Store" Website

CW Poetry n Lit

On the battle of Shiloh, TN (4/6/1862):

"...About 11 o'clock P.M. the City Guards of New Orleans, 17th Louisiana, charged in an open field upon our regiment. We remained lying in perfect silence until they approached within 150 yards of our line. When we opened upon them with a volley of musketry, it appeared to me as though half of them fell the first fire, and it was but a moment when there was none to be seen on the field but the dead and dying. The ground was literally covered with bodies. In many places they were lying one upon the other, but few of them escaped with their lives. Such a sight I never before witnessed and may God grant another such may never be fought on this continent by a civilized and enlightened people, is my prayer..."

On the battle of Davis Bridge, TN (10/6/1862) :

"...The foe gradually fell back until he came to the Bridge across the Hatchie River. Here the fighting commenced in earnest. Men & horses were falling thick and fast until it seemed as though we were all to be slaughtered on the ground. Just at this stage of the action General[Edward O.] Ord (who had arrived a few hours previous and took command, he being the senior officer) was wounded and the command again devolved upon our old commander General Hurlbut. A charge was made. We were ordered to charge the bridge across theHatchie. The command was given:

'Charge Bayonets, Forward, 
Double Quick, March!'

Such a sight I never before witnessed. The deadly messenger shot through the air like demands. The sky was darkened with shot and shell. The Earth trembled as though it would be sent in twain with the roar of musketry and the booming of cannon. The branches of trees were severed from the body by cannon balls. The wounded, dead and dying covered the ground; yet not a murmur was heard. 'Onward, Charge over the bodies of your dead comrades' was the cry of our brave generals..."

My great grandfather volunteered on the Union side, the North, in the 3rd Iowa Infantry.  Sergeant Newlon chronicles his Civil War experiences from April 1861 to August 1863 in two journals he carried with him. 

Will describes the Third's movements through Missouri and Tennessee. All the while, Will pens the tedium and daily struggle of a Civil War soldier, the marching, drilling and dress parades, the cooking and camp making, the cold and heat, the fighting, and the loneliness.

The first journal, the smaller one, begins with his enlistment & muster in May '61, basic training in Keokuk,Iowa, and ends at Benton Barracks, St Louis, September 1862 to await orders to go south into Tennessee.

The second journal, the ledger book, cited in the "Blue&Gray" magazine, 2007 (vol. XXIV, issue 4), begins where the smaller one ended, Benton Barracks, February 1862. Will ends his writing in the Jackson, Tennessee Army Hospital, August 1863, as he recovers from a leg amputation, and awaits his discharge papers.

After the war Will Newlon returned to Winterset, Iowa and married his sweetheart, Lydia Ann Philbrick. Will & Lydia raised a large family, of which nine survived. Mary, a middle child, was my grandmother. She married Army 1st Lt. Clarence Roy Green in 1912; he later died in the First World War.             


Sgt Newlon's  Civil War Narrative on pdf is available to museums, historical societies and researchers at no cost.

A Journal Excerpt on the battle of Blue Mills Landing, MO (9/17/1861):

"...We had but marched over half a mile when we suddenly came upon the enemy in a heavy body of timber lying in ambush with strong fortifications. We were close upon them before we knew they were there. Bullets as thick as hail, they opened a fire upon us with three cannons and small arms. They had their cannons planted so as to command the road where our column was marching. On our right was an open marsh; on our left was a heavy body of timber. Here we were, in this position, no chance to flank them, for they were on our right and on our left. We turned our cannons upon them as they were flanking. The first shot mowed them down like a hurricane. Our artillerymen only succeeded in giving them three shots with the cannon when they were all killed and wounded but three, and that silenced the gun. During this time we kept up a volley of musketry..."

3d Sergeant William Clark Newlon


Co. G, 3d Iowa Inf. 

​          GREENs BLUE and GRAY